Marine Algal Bloom: Characteristics, Causes and Climate Change Impacts By Santosh Kumar Sarkar
English | PDF,EPUB | 2018 | 182 Pages | ISBN : 981108260X | 7.84 MB
In the marine environment, single-celled, microscopic, plant-like organisms naturally occur in the well-lit surface layer of any body of water. These organisms, referred to as phytoplankton or microalgae, form the base of the food web upon which nearly all other marine organisms depend. Algal bloom is a rapid increase in or accumulation of the population of about 300 species of algae due to excess nutrients (eutrophication), and is of major global interest as it causes reduction in species diversity, abrupt changes in water quality, and discoloration of the water (green, yellow, brown or red) depending on the species of algae and the type of pigments they contain.